One of the most common cosmetic problems today is hair loss. Even if it is thought that it is a problem specific to men, it can also occur in women from time to time. Loosing between 50 and 100 strands of hair daily is considered normal. If more hair is lost, one should consults an expert. Even if hair loss can be reduced or prevented with various treatment methods such as hair laser and PRP, a hair transplant is carried out as permanent solution for patients that already experienced extensive hair loss.
Hair transplantation is a natural and permanent solution for thinning and baldness caused by hair loss. During the hair transplantation operation, hair follicles from the back of the neck region that are genetically resistant to hair loss are extracted and planted into channels that are opened on the thinned or bald areas. A hair transplant is a micro surgical procedure carried out under local anesthesia. Therefore, it should be performed in a hospital environment and in the presence of an anesthesiologist.
BASIC STEPS OF HAIR TRANSPLANTATION
A hair transplantation is carried out in three basic stages;
- Collection of hair follicles
After the donor area has been prepared for the procedure, the hair follicles are collected separately with the FUE-motor. At this point it is very important that the roots are not damaged. These follicles are called graft and consist of an average of 2-3 hair strands.
- Opening of the channels
Opening the channels in the correct size and depth according to the region affects the growth rate of the transplanted hair. It is very important that the channels are opened in the right hair follicle size and length. The angle of the channel should also be well adjusted to achieve the most natural look.
- Planting of the follicles inside the opened channels
In the last stage the collected follicles are placed one by one in a 40-45 degree angle into the channels, which completes the transplantation process.
Latest Hair Transplant Technique: FUE method
The most up-to-date technology in hair transplantation is the FUE technique, a micro-surgical procedure performed under local anesthesia, in which follicles are collected with the help of a micro motor. This technique lays the basis for all hair transplantation methods.
The basic stages are the same in all hair transplantation techniques. The follicles are extracted, channels are opened and the extracted follicles are placed into the channels. Differences between the various hair transplantation methods stem from the devices used for follicle extraction and medical devices used for channel opening and transplantation. And exactly these differences led to the different names of the hair transplantation techniques.
TECHNIQUES USED IN HAIR TRANSPLANTATION
Today, the following hair transplantation methods have been successfully applied. Each method is selected and applied according to the needs and demands of the patient. The joint opinion of the doctor and the patient is effective on the decision about which method to apply.
- Robotic Hair Surgery
With this method the hair follicles are collected by a hair transplantation robot. After the channels have also been opened by the transplantation robot, they are placed manually by hand.
- DHI Hair Transplantation (Unshaven)
In this method, which is also called direct hair transplantation, they use the medical pen called Choi to simultaneously open the channels and place the follicles. Since the hair follicles to be transplanted will remain outside for a shorter time, the grafts are more likely to remain healthy.
- Sapphire FUE Hair Transplantation
In this method special sapphire tips are used instead of metal slits to open the channels. What makes this method different are the sapphire tips that allow the opening of smaller microchannels, thus accelerating the healing process and reducing crusts.
- Normal FUE Hair Transplantation
The micro motor is used to manually place the collected and separated hair follicles into the opened channels.
HAIR TRANSPLANTATION AND POST-PROCESS
How long does the hair transplantation operation take and is it comfortable?
The operation takes approximately 6-7 hours. General anesthesia is not performed during the operation and the patient does not receive narcosis. Local anesthesia or sedation is applied to the patient while chatting with him.
Will I feel pain during the hair transplantation operation?
Since a hair transplant is carried out under local anesthesia, the felt pain is only at a minimum level. Another method used in addition to local anesthesia is sedation. With sedated hair transplantation, we are able to offer a dream-like hair transplantation experience to our patients who get excited quickly and who have high levels of anxiety.
How many days should I plan for a hair transplant?
Considering the pre- and post-processes off the hair transplantation surgery, the patient should plan 3 days. During this 3 days:
1st day (Transplantation):
Hair transplantation and PRP treatment procedures are completed in our hospital.
2nd day (Control):
The patient is invited to our hospital again to check if there is any damage, bleeding or infection in the follicles.
3rd day (First wash)
The patient comes to our hospital to undergo the first washing procedure. A special lotion is applied to the transplantation areas and then washed with professional care.
Process after the 3rd day
The washing process continues for 8 days. Except for the first wash, you can do the other washing by yourself. It will be explained to you in detail how to carry out the wash. If you prefer you can visit our hospital for 8 more days in order to undergo the washing here. With the eighth wash, the shedding process of the crust is completed.
After this 10 day process, consisting of transplantation + control + 8 washes, your hair will look as if it is cut short and the redness will be reduced by 80%.
The exact results will take between 6 and 18 months.