Hair Transplant

Hair Transplant

Hair Transplantation & Techniques

Hair loss is accepted as a major issue affecting a large percentage of the population. Although there are various reasons contributing to hair loss, the most prominent cause is still androgenetic alopecia which is a hereditary condition associated with androgen sensitivity. While available non-surgical treatments may help the deceleration of hair loss to a certain extent, endless progressions on surgical hair restoration have turned hair transplantation into almost an impeccable safe and effective method for affected patients.

Hair transplantation is a consistently evolving type of procedure, providing solutions for patients struggling with androgenetic alopecia as well as hair loss resulting from other sources such as trauma or inflammatory hair disorders. The natural looking results acquired from hair transplant operations are acting as encouraging factors, and each passing day, more and more men and women are opting for hair restoration.

How to know that a hair transplant is right for you?

Desiring for a quick and effective solution is totally understandable, but a decision like undergoing a hair restoration surgery should not be made hastily. Before making an appointment, you should carefully consider following factors:

  • If your hair loss is still at initial stages, before going for a surgery, you may opt for non-surgical treatment options. Hair transplant operations are mostly recommended for patients with moderate or severe hair loss.
  • If your hair loss has become visible to your eye only for a couple days ago, instead of searching for surgical options, you should stay calm and consider what you can do to alleviate the early symptoms.
  • There are several treatment methods available for hair loss except surgical interventions, such as medications, light therapies etc. You should collect all sorts of information and discuss those with your doctor in order to create a plan of action.
  • If your hair loss has reached an unbearable state, you may consider about permanent solutions which will relieve your discomfort for good and all. In comparison with medication therapies, hair transplant surgeries provide permanent results, because the hormone, DHT, which causes hair follicles to shrink, does not affect the newly transplanted hair grafts even years after the operation.
  • Another necessary condition of hair transplant is that you should lose sufficient amount of hair, since the hair loss, especially androgenetic alopecia, will continue for years. The most reasonable approach is waiting for several years after you have first noticed your hair loss, and then getting to action.
  • Patience is an essential requirement of hair restoration procedures considering the necessary amount of time for the new hairs to become visible. Being an expected result of the operation, the newly transplanted hairs usually fall out a few weeks following the surgery, and typically they start to regrow in about three to four months.

The Basic Steps of a Hair Transplant Procedure

Planning

The planning of the hairline is one of the most crucial steps in hair transplantation. The hairline is the most visible landmark of a person’s face, and the quality of the hairline is usually regarded as an indication of a surgeon’s experience and proficiency. When designing a hairline, shape of patient’s face is analyzed, and the planning of the hairline is made accordingly. Also, the patient’s desires and wishes should also be considered as a determinant factor of a hairline designing period.

Preparation of the donor area

Just before the surgery is started, the hair in the donor area are trimmed so that the grafts can be easily accessed, and it is given local anesthesia.

Harvesting

In strip harvesting, known as FUT, healthy hair follicles on stripped tissues are transplanted in to the balding areas, and in follicular unit extraction, FUE, follicular units are harvested from the donor site and directly implanted to the recipient area using a punch of 1 mm. When grafts are removed, simultaneously injecting small amounts of saline solution into the scalp will be helpful to maintain proper skin strength, and the harvested donor strips are immediately immersed in chilled normal saline. Incisions resulted from strip-harvesting are close with sutures or staples, and the healing process proceeds without complications. The stitches are usually concealed with the surrounding hair.

Preparing the recipient site – incisions

As soon as the follicular grafts are ready to use, razor blades or needles of 1 mm in width and 5–6 mm in length are prepared, in order to use while making incisions in the recipient area. While making slits in the recipient site, it is very important to align with the direction of the existing hair in that region so that the hairline can have a natural look.

Graft insertion

Next, the hair grafts are delicately and strategically implanted in each cut one by one, depending on the number of the hairs within each follicle. The grafts are placed into the recipient slits with the help of a fine-angled forceps, or a Choi pen in case of a DHI procedure. While inserting the hair follicles, a steady pressure is applied to ensure that the grafts are attuned with the surrounding skin. Burying the grafts beneath the level of the skin must also be avoided because it can result with a spotty look and also lead to occurrence of epidermal cysts. Grafting sessions can last up to five to six hours, and 2000 to 3000 follicular unit grafts can be transplanted.

After the implantation session is complete, the scalp will be cleansed and covered with gauze. While some doctors require wearing pressure bandages for a day or two, some others allow their patients to recover without bandages.


Techniques for Hair Transplant Operations

As its name signifies, the main principle of a hair transplant surgery is that the hair is taken from the back of one’s head which has hair follicles immune to loss, and transplanted where it is needed. However, various techniques are used to do this kind of surgeries, and it will be helpful to obtain more information on those.

Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)

While performing a Follicular Unit Transplantation, a strip of skin with hair follicles is removed from the donor site, typically the back of your head where hair is naturally fuller. Small groups of tissue with hair follicles are separated from this piece of tissue and prepared for transplantation. In the meantime, tiny incisions are made in the recipient site where the hair loss is happening. The prepared grafts are then individually placed into the recipient site, with utmost attention in align with the natural direction and the angle of the hair strands.

As in the case with any kind of operation, follicular unit transplantation comes with a few downsides too. The operation can take many hours, depending on the amount of grafts transplanted, and at the end, the patient will have a linear scar at the back of his/her head.

Follicular Unit Extraction

Follicular unit extraction provides similar outcomes with a different way of implanting without causing horizontal scarring. Unlike FUT which is execute with a scarring method of extracting, the hair follicles are harvested directly from the scalp with the help of a forceps and placed into tiny incisions prepared at the recipient area in advance.

While FUE technique requires more time in surgery, it does provide a way of avoiding the linear scar and the amount of care required for the post operation period is decreased to ana extent.

Direct Hair Implantation (DHI)

With Direct Hair Implantation, the follicular units still have to be manually prepared, but this time, a mechanical implantation tool, called Choi pen, is used for implantation. Choi pen is an advanced and relatively new device which is able to contain 1 to 4 follicular bundles at once. When the plunger of the pen is pressed, the hair is easily inserted to the scalp.

Direct hair implantation significantly increases the viability of the hair follicle as the amount of time the follicle is left out of the scalp is greatly reduced. Choi pen also provides complete control of angle, direction and depth of the implanted follicles which enhance the naturalness of the results.

Sapphire FUE

Sapphire FUE is considered as an improved version of standard follicular unit extraction. In Sapphire FUE, the incisions required for the implantation phase is made with blades which are produced from a gem stone known as sapphire. V-shaped of these sapphire blades reduces the amount of time needed for the operation as they allow making more incisions with less effort and zero damage. Also, sapphire is a precious gemstone with anti-bacterial properties which shortens the duration of the recovery period.

Robotic Hair Transplant Surgery

Robotic hair transplant technique provides automation of unit graft harvesting and recipient site preparation, enabling flawless precision and consistency. The system uses cameras to capture video footage of the patient’s donor area and with the help of an image processing software, the system recognizes the different properties of the hair follicles. Robotic hair transplants have the same advantages as manual FUE procedures such as no linear scar, but, in addition, the risk of human error is completely eliminated.

What happens during the recovery period?

How you feel after surgery depends on the extent of the procedure. Mild harvest and donor site pain for 1 to 2 days postoperatively can be controlled with pain medications prescribed by your doctor.

If there are bandages covering your scalp, they will usually be removed one day later. You may gently wash your hair within two days following surgery on the instructions of your doctor, though you should be careful about scratching your scalp, and avoid direct water contact from a high-pressure showerhead. If there is any, stitches will be removed in a week to 10 days.

Since strenuous activity increases blood flow to the scalp and may cause bleeding at the transplanted areas, you should avoid vigorous exercise for at least three weeks. Likewise, smoking and consuming alcohol disrupt the circulation of the scalp, so you should refrain yourself from these substances for a while.

In order to minimize the risk of edema, you may put ice to your affected areas for the first two days, and sleep with your head elevated for one week. You will be given antibiotics in order to minimize the risk of infections; it is crucially important to take the medications prescribed by your doctor in order to ensure the success of the operation. You will be closely kept under supervision over the following months until the growth of the newly transplanted hairs completes.

Hair transplantation surgeries requires patience, because they do not produce instant results. In most cases, the hair grafts enter a phase called ‘shock loss’ and fall out of their new locations immediately after hair transplant, growing back after three to four months.

Possible Risks and Complications of Hair Transplant Procedures

Considering all surgical procedures carry some risk, being mostly minor and temporary, the common side effects or complications of hair replacement operation can be categorized as follows:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Numbness or tightness
  • Pain
  • Itching
  • Swelling of the forehead or face
  • Scarring at donor site or recipient area
  • Poor growth of grafts
  • Unnatural appearance of transplanted hair
  • Bruising around the eyes
  • A crust that forms on the areas of the scalp where hair was removed or implanted
  • Unnatural, patchy hair growth
  • Continual hair loss if the hair is still in balding phase
  • Noticeably thinner areas of hair
  • Losing sensation around the surgical sites
  • Inflammation of the hair follicles, which is known as folliculitis
  • Pus drainage around the surgical sites
  • Overharvesting
  • Recipient area edema
  • Cysts, usually disappear in a few weeks
  • Epithelial cyst
Treatment Summary
Operation Lenght
Operation Lenght 5-8 Hours
Anesthesia
Anesthesia Local Anesthesia
Hospital Stay
Hospital Stay None
Full Recovery
Full Recovery 1-7 Days
Return to Work
Return to Work Immediate
Life Time Warrity
Life Time Warrity
Luxury Hotel
Luxury Hotel
VIP Transfer
VIP Transfer
Frequently Asked Questions

Does Hair Transplant Hurt?

Hair transplantation is considered a non invasive surgery. The local anesthetic used has prolonged analgesic action, so the patient will not feel any kind of pain. The operated area remains silent for several hours after surgery. In the days following the intervention you may experience a slight pain in the receiving and donating areas, which will disappear within a few days.

How Long Does Hair Transplant Last?

The duration of the intervention depends on the number of bulbs that will be transplanted. It usually takes 6 to 8 hours.

Who Can Undergo Hair Transplantation?

Hair transplantation can be men and women, from 18/20 years old. Since it is a little invasive, almost everyone can undergo hair transplantation, except in patients with serious health problems, such as immunosuppression.

What is The Risk of Hair Transplantation?

Since it is a non-invasive operation performed in local anesthesia, the risks of such intervention are low. The only drawbacks that our patients experience are mostly in the post operative: itching, headaches and slight swelling, but they disappear within a few days.

Will You Notice Blank Spaces in The Donor Area?

No. One of the biggest concerns about who intends to undergo hair transplantation is this. The advantage of FUE is just that. The doctor in fact ensures that close to the follicular unit extracted there are others, ensuring the absence of empty spaces in the donor area.

How Long is it Necessary For The Transplanted Hair to Recover?

Once transplanted, the transplanted hair will fall as the bulb stays inside the groove and begins to regenerate the hair. Hair will begin to grow again after about 3 months and will continue to grow in the following months. Around the seventh month, patients will notice that their hair is naturally natural.

Will You Notice Scars After The Transplant?

Absolutely not. After 2/3 weeks, during which croutons can be formed in areas affected by transplantation, there will be no sign.

What to Do After The Intervention?

After the intervention you will need to follow the instructions of the medical staff to maximize the result of the intervention. Interpreters in the clinic will provide you with all the necessary instructions for products to be used and activities to be avoided in the weeks following the transplant (such as sports and physical exertion).

How Does The Entire Stay Take Place?

Once arriving at the airport the patient will be picked up by a driver and taken to the hotel (www.gch.com.tr). The hotel is near the clinic, so you will be taken at the time agreed in the morning (usually around 7.30 / 8.00) and taken to the clinic. Here you will be taken from the blood for further analysis and there will be an interview with our doctors during which the patient will be able to indicate what his / her expectation of the outcome of the surgery is and the doctor will check the hair condition of the hair patient. After that, the operation will begin, during which you can take a break and eat. Once the operation is over, the patient can leave the clinic and return the next day to change the band. During the entire trial you will be assisted by Italian interpreters in the clinic, who will be at your side from the moment you decide to take the intervention at Estepera, in the following months, during which doctors will carry out checks (via sending photo). It is advisable to stay in Istanbul for 2 or 3 nights.

Is it Possible to do a Distance Consultation?

Sure. Just send an email to [email protected] with name and phone number. You will then be contacted by one of our interpreters, via Whatsapp (or other than you have indicated), and you will be asked to submit your photos so that we can get a preliminary consultation with our doctors.
Reviews Videos
Other Treatments
Hair Transplant

Hair Transplantation & Techniques Hair loss is accepted as a major issue affecting a large perc..

More >
FUE Hair Transplant

Best FUE Hair Transplant Clinic  (Follicular unit extraction) FUE is one of the most effective and ..

More >
Afro Transplant

African – American Hair Transplant Hair loss does not discriminate between different races and ethn..

More >
Beard Transplant

Beard Transplant in Turkey In just the same way as scalp hair transplants, beard transplant procedu..

More >
Whatsapp
Messenger
Instagram
Contact Form
Call Now